It looks like an alien creature from a horror horror movie about three meters long and shiny black with a pink, fleshy appendix. Actually, it was a giant set.
The lives of species discovered in the shallow lagoon mud in the Philippines have never been described before – although the existence is known to last for over 200 years, the baseball bat size that surrounds the Creation.
Dan Distel of Northeastern University marine science center Dan Distel and author of the newspaper study, Dan Distel, "[these animals] knew the simplest things, even though they knew people's existence" PNAS . "It was a very mysterious organism."
Distel notes that an explanation based on a museum example was made decades ago; But the creativity is not well preserved. "Among living biologists, we think that probably our group is the only group that sees living examples," he said.
Linnaean classification Kuphus polythalamia lives in the mud in a long tube made of calcium carbonate secreted by the living animal. The tube forms a body that also includes the head of the monster. "If they want to grow, they need to open the end of this tube, so unscrew or re-assemble the bottom cover, stretch the tube into the mud and then close it again," he said.
The last part of the tube is the Y shaped by Distel and surrounds two siphons – the water is drawn in with one pelvis, the pelvis is pushed through the respiratory tract, then the other is thrown away.
Despite being under the name of a bacon – the relatives of their relatives to the underwater water diet – the animals are actually a kind of oyster. As the body is stretched from the back, there is a modified version of two shell shells at the beginning. Distel said, "The body has been extended by evolution so that it no longer matches between the two shells."
The team found a Filipino television news report with a YouTube video on where it was alive. The academicians in the region searched for possible locations and later found a product of the tubes in a lagoon full of rotten wood. The location adds Distel & it remains a secret to prevent this area being bothered by shell collectors.
Scuba diving pilots were found sticking upwards about 10ft above the surface. "The tube is almost 75% to 80% buried in mud," Distel said. About half a dozen were sent to the lab that the team temporarily opened.
"It was really amazing," said Distel. "I did not know how to open it, but I thought:" Be careful. ""
The appearance of the ship worm when it went out of the tube was a surprise for researchers. "The color of the animal is a little shocked," Distel said. "Most bivalves are grayish, pink, brown, light beige colors, and this thing has only a gun color-black color, which is stronger and more muscular than the other two bottles I've seen up to now."
Not surprisingly, however, not only is the discovery that researchers turn into astonishment, but giant frogs are surprising for their way of survival. "Tempering is usually a sign of abundant nutrients," Distel said. Other beaked worms feed the underwater trees with the help of wood-scavenging bacteria living in their gills, but only a small digestive system was present in the newly discovered sample; But the creature's ingestion into the tube showed it did not eat mud.
Further studies have shown that living things are based on bacteria in the gills used as an energy source of hydrogen sulfide in water. This energy is then used to make nutrients for carbon dioxide ship worms.
Distel sheds light on the evolution of symbiotic relationships between exploration, sulfur-oxidizing organisms and other living things, and supports the possibility that sunken wood plays a role in where these species are deep within. Hydrothermal vents of the sea. "For me it was almost like finding a dinosaur – something that is well known only to the fossils," he said.
Simon Watt, president of the biologist, TV host and Ugly Animal Conservation Society welcomed the discovery of the giant frog. "It may be monstrous, but it does not mean that it is not extraordinary," he said, and he also cautioned that he had developed to live in a "rather disgusting" environment. "If you live amongst dark dirt, then aesthetics is not necessarily your number one priority," he added.